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ISSN: 1023-5086


ISSN: 1023-5086

Scientific and technical

Opticheskii Zhurnal

A full-text English translation of the journal is published by Optica Publishing Group under the title “Journal of Optical Technology”

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DOI: 10.17586/1023-5086-2024-91-03-32-43

УДК: 535.42, 53-155

Formation and practical implementation of a helical wavefront of radiation in the mid-infrared range

For Russian citation (Opticheskii Zhurnal):
Бударин А.С., Скворцов Л.А., Кузнецов Е.В., Силантьев И.В., Мяконьких А.В., Павлов А.Ю., Галиев Р.Р., Давлятшина А.Р., Аврамчук А.В., Хабибуллин Р.А. Формирование геликоидального волнового фронта излучения в среднем инфракрасном диапазоне // Оптический журнал. 2024. Т. 91. № 3. С. 32–43.


Budarin A.S., Skvortsov L.A., Kuznetsov E.V., Silantyev I.V., Miakonkikh A.V., Pavlov A.Yu., Galiev R.R., Davlyatshina A.R., Avramchuk A.V., Khabibullin R.A. Formation and practical implementation of a helical wavefront of radiation in the mid-infrared range [in Russian] // Optickhesii Zhurnal. 2024. V. 91. № 3. P. 32–43.

For citation (Journal of Optical Technology):

Subject of study. Interaction of mid-infrared light with a metasurface based on silicon scattering elements on a sapphire substrate and its subsequent propagation in the far field. Aim of study. Development of the metasurface design, its manufacture and formation with its help of a vortex beam with a helicoidal wavefront in the medium-wave infrared range with measurement of the intensity profile of the converted radiation. Method. The Finite Difference Time Domain algorithm is used to calculate the characteristics of radiation scattering on a metasurface element. An algorithm of dynamic mode decomposition was applied to analyze the spatial spectrum of radiation obtained as a result of the passage of a plane wave through a plate with the selected design. For the manufacture of the metasurface, the following methods were used: plasma chemical vapor deposition, electron beam lithography, thermal evaporation, atomic layer deposition, reactive ion etching in inductively coupled plasma, anisotropic cryo etching. Main results. A metasurface design has been developed for the formation of a laser beam with a helicoidal wavefront in the medium-wave infrared range. The parameters of silicon scattering elements on a sapphire substrate have been determined using numerical modeling. The efficiency and characteristics of the spatial spectrum of the constructed metasurface are investigated. It is established that the energy fraction of the secondary harmonics decreases with the distance along the beam propagation. As a result of the work done, a vortex beam with an annular intensity distribution in the cross section was experimentally obtained in the middle IR range of the spectrum. Practical significance. The metasurface created in the course of work, including the process of its design and manufacturing technology, may be of potential interest for use in atmospheric optical communication lines based on quantum cascade lasers of the mid-infrared range of the spectrum with multiplexing orthogonal spatial modes.


helicoidal wavefront, metasurfaces, phase plates, spatial spectrum, mid-infrared range of the spectrum, spatial filters, quantum cascade lasers, free space optics

OCIS codes: 140.0140, 160.3918

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