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ISSN: 1023-5086


ISSN: 1023-5086

Scientific and technical

Opticheskii Zhurnal

A full-text English translation of the journal is published by Optica Publishing Group under the title “Journal of Optical Technology”

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DOI: 10.17586/1023-5086-2022-89-08-24-32

УДК: 159.9

Deepfake as the basis for digitally collaging “impossible faces”

For Russian citation (Opticheskii Zhurnal):

Барабанщиков В.А., Маринова М.М. Deepfake как основа цифрового коллажирования «невозможного лица» // Оптический журнал. 2022. Т. 89. № 8. С. 24–32.


Barabanshchikov V.A., Marinova M.M. Deepfake as the basis for digitally collaging “impossible faces”  [in Russian] // Opticheskii Zhurnal. 2022. V. 89. № 8. P. 24–32.

For citation (Journal of Optical Technology):

V. A. Barabanshchikov and M. M. Marinova, "Deepfake as the basis for digitally collaging “impossible faces”," Journal of Optical Technology. 89(8), 448-453 (2022).


Subject of study. In this study, we present a novel method for the synthesis of video images using deepfake face swap, a technology that enables the creation of authentic video clips with false or swapped faces without evident traces of manipulation. The creation process of video images of “impossible faces,” such as a chimeric face, whose left and right sides belong to different people, or Thatcherized faces, wherein the eyes and mouth regions are rotated by 180°, is described stepwise using the DeepFaceLab software as an example. Aim of study. This study aimed to present and validate deepfake technology as a method of digitally collaging “impossible face” images. Method. Examples of method implementation were demonstrated using experimental results related to the perception patterns of moving “impossible faces” and their differences. Main results. The phenomena of perception previously recorded under static conditions were reproduced for dynamic models; accordingly, new interpretations can be inferred. Original faces were evaluated positively under static and dynamic conditions, independent of image inversion. Images of “impossible faces” under all conditions were perceived as unattractive, disharmonious, bizarre, and artificial. Expositions with audio speech increased the adequacy of evaluations under conditions of straight orientation. Practical significance. Digital collaging methods can significantly expand the capabilities of researchers in the field of interpersonal perception. Moreover, information technologies can expedite the creation of stimuli models for “impossible face” images, which are necessary for the further investigation of the human psyche in the course of communication.


Deepfake, machine learning, interpersonal perception, video image of face, impossible face, virtual sitter, dynamics and statics of stimuli model, chimeric face, tatcherized face


The research was carried out within the state assignment of Ministry of Science and Higher Education of RF No. 730000Ф.99.1.БВ09АА00006.

OCIS codes: 100.2000, 100.3008, 100.6890, 150.0155


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